- The birth of neural networks – – You’ve probably heard of neural networks, the brain-inspired AI tools behind most of today’s cutting edge artificial intelligence.
- “The brain’s last stand” – – 1997 was a banner year for AI, as IBM’s Deep Blue supercomputer took on world chess champion Garry Kasparov in a chess battle pitting human against machine brain.
- The results may not have shown AI to be capable of anything more than working exceptionally well at problems with clearly defined rules, it was still a massive leap forward for artificial intelligence as a field.
- vmalisauskas/Getty Images – – In June 2012, Google researchers Jeff Dean and Andrew Ng trained a giant neural network of 16,000 computer processors by feeding it 10 million unlabeled images taken from YouTube videos.
- AI beats the Go world champion – – On March 2016, Google DeepMind’s AlphaGo AI defeated the Go world champion Lee Sedol in four games to one.
Want to know what the most defining moments in the history of AI are? We’ve tried to narrow it down to the top 10 most significant.
@TamaraMcCleary: A history of artificial intelligence in 10 landmarks via @DigitalTrends #AI
Compressing all of artificial intelligence (AI) into 10 “moments to remember” isn’t easy. With hundreds of research labs and thousands of computer scientists, compiling a list of every landmark achievement would be, well, a job for a smart algorithm to handle.
With that proviso taken care of, however, we’ve scoured the history books to bring you what we think are the top 10 most significant milestones in the history of AI. Check them out below.
The birth of neural networks
You’ve probably heard of neural networks, the brain-inspired AI tools behind most of today’s cutting edge artificial intelligence. While concepts like deep learning are relatively new, they’re based on a mathematical theory which dates back to 1943.
Warren McCulloch and Walter Pitts’ “A Logical Calculus of the Ideas Immanent in Nervous Activity” might sound like a mouthful, but it’s as important to computer science as (if not more than!) “The PageRank Citation Ranking,” a.k.a. the research paper which spawned Google. In “A Logical Calculus,” McCulloch and Pitts describe how networks of artificial neurons can be made perform logical functions. The dream of AI is born!
Artificial intelligence gets its name
If you were to pinpoint an official beginning for artificial intelligence, it may well by August 31, 1955. That’s when a proposal is made for a “2 month, 10 man…